How to Remove Packages using DNF

Last updated: August 1, 2022

DNF (Dandified YUM) can be considered as the updated version of the YUM utility. DNF utility stands far better than other package managers when it comes to memory usage, CPU utilization, and various other performance-related factors.

In this tutorial, let us discuss how to use dnf package management tool to remove packages with examples.

How to remove packages

Similar to package installation, DNF gives you the ability to remove packages that you no longer need on your computer. Similar to the install command all you need to do is identify the package then run the command in your terminal:

sudo dnf remove httpd

After this, packages related to httpd will be removed.

Note: Alternatively, we can use the 'erase' option in place of remove which will also uninstall the packages from the system.

dnf erase httpd

The above command removes all packages related to httpd and the output will be the same.

How to remove all packages from a selected repository

To remove all packages from a particular repository, we first need to get its repository id. To do that, we run the command below

dnf -v repolist

Sample Output

Loaded plugins: builddep, changelog, config-manager, copr, debug, debuginfo-install, download, generate_completion_cache, groups-manager, needs-restarting, playground, repoclosure, repodiff, repograph, repomanage, reposync
DNF version: 4.12.0
cachedir: /var/cache/dnf
Last metadata expiration check: 0:00:15 ago on Mon 01 Aug 2022 10:46:28 PM UTC.
Repo-id            : fedora
Repo-name          : Fedora 36 - x86_64
Repo-revision      : 1651698971
Repo-updated       : Wed 04 May 2022 09:16:11 PM UTC
Repo-pkgs          : 67,992
Repo-available-pkgs: 67,992
Repo-size          : 88 G
Repo-metalink      : https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=fedora-36&arch=x86_64
  Updated          : Mon 01 Aug 2022 10:46:01 PM UTC
Repo-baseurl       : http://mirror.fcix.net/fedora/linux/releases/36/Everything/x86_64/os/ (107 more)
Repo-expire        : 604,800 second(s) (last: Mon 01 Aug 2022 10:46:01 PM UTC)
Repo-filename      : /etc/yum.repos.d/fedora.repo

Repo-id            : fedora-cisco-openh264
Repo-name          : Fedora 36 openh264 (From Cisco) - x86_64
Repo-revision      : 1649350358
Repo-updated       : Thu 07 Apr 2022 04:52:38 PM UTC
Repo-pkgs          : 4
Repo-available-pkgs: 4
Repo-size          : 900 k
Repo-metalink      : https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=fedora-cisco-openh264-36&arch=x86_64
  Updated          : Mon 01 Aug 2022 10:46:18 PM UTC
Repo-baseurl       : https://codecs.fedoraproject.org/openh264/36/x86_64/os/ (0 more)
Repo-expire        : 1,209,600 second(s) (last: Mon 01 Aug 2022 10:46:18 PM UTC)
Repo-filename      : /etc/yum.repos.d/fedora-cisco-openh264.repo

Repo-id            : fedora-modular
Repo-name          : Fedora Modular 36 - x86_64
Repo-revision      : 1651698710
Repo-updated       : Wed 04 May 2022 09:12:01 PM UTC
Repo-pkgs          : 825
Repo-available-pkgs: 0
Repo-size          : 1.6 G
Repo-metalink      : https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=fedora-modular-36&arch=x86_64
  Updated          : Mon 01 Aug 2022 10:46:19 PM UTC
Repo-baseurl       : http://fedora.mirror.constant.com/fedora/linux/releases/36/Modular/x86_64/os/ (107 more)
Repo-expire        : 604,800 second(s) (last: Mon 01 Aug 2022 10:46:19 PM UTC)
Repo-filename      : /etc/yum.repos.d/fedora-modular.repo

As you can see in the output above, we have 2 repo-ids -fedora and updates.

Now you can proceed to remove all packages from a specific repository using the command below

dnf repository-packages repo-id remove

For example, If we want to remove all packages from fedora repository we run

dnf repository-packages fedora remove

Here, Fedora Linux is the repo-id.

Note:

For the parent repo-id's, you'll get an alert in the terminal that some packages are system protected. e.g.

dnf repository-packages fedora remove

Sample Output

Problem 1: The operation would result in removing the following protected packages: dnf, kernel-core, systemd, systemd-udev
Problem 2: The operation would result in removing the following protected packages: dnf, kernel-core, systemd, systemd-udev
Problem 3: The operation would result in removing the following protected packages: dnf, kernel-core, systemd, systemd-udev
Problem 4: The operation would result in removing the following protected packages: dnf, kernel-core, systemd, systemd-udev

How to list and remove packages

You can use the dnf list command to get a list of installed and available packages.

To generate a list of  installed packages, run the command below:

sudo dnf list installed | cat -n

The argument 'cat -n' is used to number the packages on the terminal's output.

Sample Output

     1  Installed Packages
     2  ModemManager.x86_64                        1.18.6-1.fc36              @fedora
     3  ModemManager-glib.x86_64                   1.18.6-1.fc36              @fedora
     4  NetworkManager.x86_64                      1:1.38.0-1.fc36            @updates
     5  NetworkManager-bluetooth.x86_64            1:1.38.0-1.fc36            @updates
     6  NetworkManager-initscripts-ifcfg-rh.x86_64 1:1.38.0-1.fc36            @updates
     7  NetworkManager-libnm.x86_64                1:1.38.0-1.fc36            @updates
     8  NetworkManager-team.x86_64                 1:1.38.0-1.fc36            @updates
     9  NetworkManager-wifi.x86_64                 1:1.38.0-1.fc36            @updates
    10  NetworkManager-wwan.x86_64                 1:1.38.0-1.fc36            @updates
    11  PackageKit.x86_64                          1.2.5-1.fc36               @fedora
    12  PackageKit-glib.x86_64                     1.2.5-1.fc36               @fedora
    13  abattis-cantarell-fonts.noarch             0.301-7.fc36               @fedora
    14  abrt.x86_64                                2.15.1-1.fc36              @fedora
    15  abrt-addon-ccpp.x86_64                     2.15.1-1.fc36              @fedora
    16  abrt-addon-kerneloops.x86_64               2.15.1-1.fc36              @fedora
    17  abrt-addon-pstoreoops.x86_64               2.15.1-1.fc36              @fedora
    18  abrt-addon-vmcore.x86_64                   2.15.1-1.fc36              @fedora
    19  abrt-addon-xorg.x86_64                     2.15.1-1.fc36              @fedora
    20  abrt-cli.x86_64                            2.15.1-1.fc36              @fedora

However, if you want to list the available packages for installation,  run the command below:

sudo dnf list available | cat -n

The output is a long list use any filter such as more, less, or grep.

Sample Output

     1  Last metadata expiration check: 0:08:34 ago on Mon 01 Aug 2022 10:46:28 PM UTC.
     2  Available Packages
     3  0ad.x86_64                                                                               0.0.25b-2.fc36                                                   fedora
     4  0ad-data.noarch                                                                          0.0.25b-3.fc36                                                   fedora
     5  0xFFFF.x86_64                                                                            0.9-4.fc36                                                       fedora
     6  2048-cli.x86_64                                                                          0.9.1-13.fc36                                                    fedora
     7  2048-cli-nocurses.x86_64                                                                 0.9.1-13.fc36                                                    fedora
     8  2048-cli-sdl.x86_64                                                                      0.9.1-13.fc36                                                    fedora
     9  2ping.noarch                                                                             4.5.1-2.fc36                                                     fedora
    10  389-ds-base.x86_64                                                                       2.1.3-2.fc36                                                     updates
    11  389-ds-base-devel.x86_64                                                                 2.1.3-2.fc36                                                     updates
    12  389-ds-base-libs.x86_64                                                                  2.1.3-2.fc36                                                     updates
    13  389-ds-base-snmp.x86_64                                                                  2.1.3-2.fc36                                                     updates
    14  3Depict.x86_64                                                                           0.0.22-11.fc36                                                   fedora
    15  3dprinter-udev-rules.noarch                                                              0.2.2-7.fc36                                                     fedora
    16  3mux.x86_64                                                                              1.1.0-6.fc36                                                     updates
    17  3proxy.x86_64                                                                            0.8.13-7.fc36                                                    fedora
    18  4Pane.x86_64                                                                             7.0-4.fc36                                                       fedora
    19  4diac-forte.x86_64                                                                       1.12.0-7.fc36                                                    fedora
    20  4th.i686                                                                                 3.62.5-9.fc36                                                    fedora
    21  4th.x86_64                                                                               3.62.5-9.fc36                                                    fedora
    22  4th-devel.i686                                                                           3.62.5-9.fc36                                                    fedora

Autoremove Option

The autoremove option is used to uninstall packages that were initially installed as dependencies of installed packages but are no longer required by such packages anymore.

To uninstall the dependencies, run the command:

dnf autoremove

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we learned how to DNF to uninstall packages.

Thanks for reading and please share your suggestions and thoughts in the below comment section.

About The Author

Bobbin Zachariah

Bobbin Zachariah

Bobbin started his career in IT in the year 2000 as a computer science instructor and worked as a Linux system engineer and senior analyst roles. Currently working in DevOps environments to increase efficiency and improve delivery time in AWS Cloud infrastructure. He is certified in RHEL, CCNA, and MCP and holds a Masters's in computer science. When in his free time love playing cricket, blogging, and listening to music.

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