How to Install Packages using DNF

Last updated: August 2, 2022

DNF (Dandified YUM) can be considered as the updated version of  YUM utility. DNF utility stands far better than other package managers when it comes to memory usage, CPU utilization, and various other performance-related factors.

In this tutorial, we learn how to use the DNF package management tool to install packages with examples.

Install packages

Before you start installing packages, it's prudent to search and verify whether the package is available. We do this by using the search option:

dnf search package-name

In this example, we search whether the httpd package is available for installation.

dnf search httpd

Sample Output

Last metadata expiration check: 0:01:02 ago on Tue 02 Aug 2022 02:48:01 AM UTC.
================== Name Exactly Matched: httpd ======================
httpd.x86_64 : Apache HTTP Server
==========Name & Summary Matched: httpd ===========================
anyterm-httpd.x86_64 : Httpd proxy configuration for anyterm
dmlite-apache-httpd.i686 : Apache HTTPD frontend for dmlite
dmlite-apache-httpd.x86_64 : Apache HTTPD frontend for dmlite
fedora-logos-httpd.noarch : Fedora-related icons and pictures used by httpd
gambas3-gb-httpd.x86_64 : Gambas3 component package for httpd
generic-logos-httpd.noarch : Fedora-related icons and pictures used by httpd
httpd-core.i686 : httpd minimal core
httpd-core.x86_64 : httpd minimal core

In the above output, you get all the possibilities of the package httpd highlighted.

To install a package, log in as root or sudo user and run the command below. In this example, we are installing Apache web server.

sudo dnf install httpd
dnf install httpd

Before proceeding to install it shows package and its dependencies name, architecture, version, repository, and size. If you wish to proceed Press Y to install the package.

When a specific version of the package is given, DNF will install the desired version. The former version of the package will be removed. To install a specific version:

dnf install package-0.5.6-1.fc36

Install a local rpm file:

dnf install ~/Downloads/package-0.5.6-1.fc36.noarch.rpm

To install from a given URL:

dnf install <url-path>

Install packages from a specific repository

With DNF command we can also choose a specific repository for a package installation. Let's first see the available repositories installed in our Fedora 36 system by running the command below.

dnf repolist

Output

repo id                            repo name
fedora                             Fedora 36 - x86_64
fedora-cisco-openh264              Fedora 36 openh264 (From Cisco) - x86_64
fedora-modular                     Fedora Modular 36 - x86_64
updates                            Fedora 36 - x86_64 - Updates
updates-modular                    Fedora Modular 36 - x86_64 - Updates

Let's now install a package called nano from *fedora repository.

sudo dnf --enablerepo=fedora install nano

Verify installed packages

To verify the installed packages and their version, use dnf list installed command.

For example, to check httpd package is installed or not:

dnf list installed http*
Installed Packages
httpd.x86_64            2.4.54-3.fc36            @updates
httpd-core.x86_64       2.4.54-3.fc36            @updates
httpd-filesystem.noarch 2.4.54-3.fc36            @updates
httpd-tools.x86_64      2.4.54-3.fc36            @updates

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we learned how to install packages using DNF. Similarly, you can uninstall packages very easily.

Thanks for reading, please provide your feedback and suggestions in the below comment section.

About The Author

Bobbin Zachariah

Bobbin Zachariah

Bobbin started his career in IT in the year 2000 as a computer science instructor and worked as a Linux system engineer and senior analyst roles. Currently working in DevOps environments to increase efficiency and improve delivery time in AWS Cloud infrastructure. He is certified in RHEL, CCNA, and MCP and holds a Masters's in computer science. When in his free time love playing cricket, blogging, and listening to music.

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