How to Make Bash Script Executable Using Chmod

Written by: Linuxopsys   |   Last updated: August 10, 2022

In this tutorial, I am going through the steps to create a bash script and make the script executable using the chmod command. After that, you will be able to run it without using the sh or bash commands.

Step 1: Creating a Bash File

The first step is to create a new text file with .sh extension using the following command.


Step 2: Writing a Sample Script

Open the newly created file using any of your favorite editors to add the following bash script to the file.

$ vim

echo "Hello World"

Save and close the file using ESC +:wq!

Step 3: Executing the Bash Script

There are two ways to run the bash file. The first one is by using the bash command and the other is by setting the execute permission to bash file.

Let’s run the following command to execute the bash script using bash or sh command.



Execute the bash script

Step 4: Set Executable Permissions to Script

The second way to execute a bash script is by setting up the executable permissions.

To make a script executable for the owner of the file, use u+x filename.

chmod u+x

To make the file executable for all users use +x filename or a+x filename.

chmod +x

Step 5: Running Executable Script

After you have assigned the executable permissions to the script, you can run the script without bash command as shown.

$ ./
Running a executable script

Another Example

In the following example, I am going to write and execute a bash script to take a backup from source to destination.

$ vim

TIME=`date +%b-%d-%y`

Save and close the file using :wq! and give it the executable permissions for all users using the following command:

$ chmod +x

Now run the script:

$ ./backup_script
bash example script and execute


At the end of this tutorial, you should be familiar with how to set a script executable in Linux.

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